Kurdistan Regional Government
TUE, 25 FEB 2020 22:03 Erbil, GMT +3




Important notice: This is KRG's old cabinet website.
For updated information about Kurdistan Regional Government
visit GOV.KRD please

Washington Kurdish Institute President commends Anfal trial verdict

FRI, 29 JUN 2007 18:03 | Washington Kurdish Institute

Washington Kurdish Institute Press Release

Washington, D.C. – The President of the Washington Kurdish Institute, Dr. Najmaldin Karim, commended the conviction of Ali Hassan al-Majid on 24 June for the genocidal crimes of the Anfal campaign against the Kurdish people. Al-Majid, known commonly as ‘Chemical Ali’ for his use of chemical weapons against civilians, is a kinsman of the late Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.

Dr Karim said, “The Iraqi Special Tribunal clearly decided that the Anfal was a genocide according to the internationally accepted definition of the 1951 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide to which Iraq, and over 100 other states, are a party. There is no statute of limitations on this crime. The overthrow of the Ba’athist regime was a belated act of justice that made the Iraqi Special Tribunal possible. People of conscience will welcome this verdict and remember with shame the silence of the world while this crime was being committed.”

Dr Karim noted, “While justice has been done, it is not full justice. It is a shame that Saddam Hussein, the engine of Iraq’s totalitarian murder machine, was hanged without being held accountable for his role in the Anfal. We commend the Iraqi authorities for their change in attitude to these trials.”

According to Dr Karim, “Official recognition that the Anfal was a genocide is long overdue. It is shameful that leading media outlets and academic institutions dismissed Kurdish reports of persecution as exaggerated or even denied Iraqi responsibility for the crime of Halabja. We thank those who stood by us. A leading role in studying the Anfal was taken by Physicians for Human Rights and Human Rights Watch, which in 1993 published its pathbreaking report, Genocide in Iraq: the Anfal campaign against the Kurds. Now is the time for a full study of the Anfal. I hope that American institutions will lead this effort.”

Dr Karim concluded by calling for restitution and support for Iraqi Kurdistan. He said, “Now is the time for full reparations to the people of Iraqi Kurdistan for the crimes of the Ba’athist regime. Those who profited from the regime, at home and abroad, should now assist the victims and help to rehabilitate Iraqi Kurdistan. The democracies of the world should unite in their efforts to enable Iraqi Kurdistan to develop into the decent, tolerant, democratic society that its citizens yearn for. To ensure that this crime is never committed again, we must learn from the past and build for the future.”

Background on the ‘Anfal’
Named after a sura of the Quran, the ‘Anfal’ was a genocidal campaign in which the Ba’athist regime sought to exterminate Kurds across large swathes of Iraqi Kurdistan. The regime systematically destroyed towns and villages, murdering the inhabitants or deporting them to mujammat (concentration areas). Thousands upon thousands were either murdered on the spot or driven in trucks to unmarked graves where they were lined up and shot. The murderers used bulldozers to fill in the graves, burying the wounded alive as they lay with the dead.

Torture was systematic and the regime repeatedly used chemical weapons against civilians. In addition to the 5,000 civilians murdered at Halabja by chemical weapons in March 1988, thousands of others were killed in smaller attacks in the Kurdish countryside. The final death toll from the ‘Anfal’ is unknown. The regime destroyed 4,500 villages with a population of 182,000 persons. Many thousands have suffered physical and mental disability from the trauma of torture, deportation and exposure to chemical weapons.


Related Articles

'Chemical Ali' didn't act alone

THU, 28 JUN 2007 13:10

I first encountered the handiwork of "Chemical Ali," as he was known, in September 1987 in Kurdistan's empty countryside. Traveling north from Baghdad, we entered Iraq's Kurdish region, and suddenly there were no more villages. In one town, bulldozers were parked near abandoned houses on one side of the road while only rubble remained on the other. Further north, only grave markers, utility poles and abandoned orchards indicated the location of once thriving communities.

Ali Hassan al-Majid 'Chemical Ali' found guilty of genocide

SUN, 24 JUN 2007 13:26

Erbil, Kurdistan-Iraq (KRG.org) Today after 61 court sessions, Chief Judge Mohammed al-Uraibi delivered his sentencing in the case against those accused of carrying out the Anfal campaign in the 1980s.

Ali Hassan al-Majid, known as “Chemical Ali”, Saddam Hussein’s cousin and the former Secretary General of the Baath Party's Northern Bureau, was sentenced to death for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.

Dutchman jailed for 17 years over Iraq poison gas

THU, 10 MAY 2007 13:04

Amsterdam - A Dutch appeals court raised the prison sentence of a Dutch businessman to 17 years after confirming on Wednesday he was guilty of complicity in war crimes for selling chemicals to Iraq used in deadly gas attacks.

Saddam Hussein's former defense minister denies receiving order to use chemical weapons

TUE, 8 MAY 2007 14:08

Baghdad, Iraq - Saddam Hussein's former defense minister denied Sunday that he received orders to use chemical weapons during a 1980s military crackdown against Kurds and said he had been offered protection if he surrendered.

Trader appeals conviction for selling Iraq deadly chemicals

FRI, 27 APR 2007 13:03

The Hague, Netherlands (AP) - A Dutch businessman appealing his war crimes conviction for selling Iraq banned chemicals during its war with Iran drew praise from Saddam Hussein's regime for his efforts, prosecutors said Wednesday on the closing day of the proceedings.

Dutchman accused of genocide in Iraq

THU, 19 APR 2007 11:56

Amsterdam (Reuters) - Dutch prosecutors called today for a Dutch businessman to be convicted of genocide for selling chemicals to Iraq which were used in deadly gas attac

Anfal Affairs minister asks British MPs and NGOs for support

SAT, 7 APR 2007 12:29

London, UK (KRG.org) – Ms Chnar Saad, Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Minister for Martyrs and Anfal Affairs, last week and yesterday met British member of parliament Ann Clwyd and Baroness Emma Nicholson to ask for assistance for the survivors of the Anfal campaign and chemical gas attacks.

Iraqi Victims of Halabja chemical attack still suffer 19 years later

SUN, 18 MAR 2007 02:36

Hussein official denies genocide

TUE, 6 MAR 2007 13:02

Saddam's cousin says he gave orders to destroy Kurdish villages

SUN, 28 JAN 2007 22:26

'Chemical Ali' denies role in executions

FRI, 12 JAN 2007 16:16

"Chemical Ali" says ordered Kurd villages cleared

THU, 11 JAN 2007 17:48

Hussein’s voice speaks in court in praise of chemical atrocities

THU, 11 JAN 2007 17:43

Saddam and cousin discussed killing thousands - tapes

MON, 8 JAN 2007 15:35